Scoliosis is an illness or ailment that is commonly found in teenagers. It is a sideways curvature of the spine. It has an unclear aetiology. However, it can be caused by inherited factors in patients, including:
• Spinal cord anomalies
• Certain neuromuscular diseases, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy
• Damage to the spine or infections in the spine
• Previous surgery on the chest wall as a child
• Birth abnormalities influencing the growth of the spine’s bones
Scoliosis affects 0.4 per cent of the Indian population, or around 5 million people, according to an article published by Scroll.in on July 7, 2018. Children have a considerably larger prevalence rate of the condition of more than 3% of all children or 39 million.
Extreme scoliosis can make it difficult to breathe since the illness causes a severed spinal curvature, which reduces the amount of lung space available in the chest. Scoliosis is usually moderate, although certain curves become more acute as children grow. It has the following symptoms:
• Uneven waist or shoulders
• One hip higher than the other
• One shoulder blade appears more prominent than the other
• When bending forward, a prominence appears on one side of the back
• One side of the rib cage juts forward
X-rays are conducted to evaluate the issue in children with mild scoliosis to see whether the curve is growing worse. In the vast majority of situations, no treatment is necessary. Children must wear braces in order to prevent the curve from worsening. In addition, medical treatments such as hip joint surgery are used to treat cases where the patient is suffering from hip pain or deformity.
Early-onset scoliosis is one of the potentially fatal curvatures in the spine that can impair a child’s lung and heart function as it progresses. Scoliosis in children under 18 is treated with “growth-friendly” surgery. Expandable rods are inserted in their spines to grow with them (normally removed later for a spinal fusion) and to fuse the spine in a straighter posture.
As per a study conducted at the University of Michigan, growth-friendly procedures for severe scoliosis in children can result in more unplanned additional surgeries and difficulties than a single spinal fusion. It was discovered that young patients who received growth-friendly surgery had nine times more unscheduled trips to the operating room and eight times more complications than those who merely had a spinal fusion.
G. Ying Li, M.D., service chief of paediatric orthopaedics at the University of Michigan Health C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital, says that the expandable rods inserted into young scoliosis patients contribute to many complications. They are surgically extended every six months, resulting in many anaesthetic exposures and more illnesses from going through the same scar. Even the non-surgical enlargement of the latest magnetic rods has been found to have difficulties. This kind of data could help parents of young children make informed decisions about scoliosis treatment strategies.
There are no documented activities that cause or cure scoliosis, except for treating it in younger children with operations including spinal infusion, expandable rods, bracing, and vertebral body tethering. Scoliosis patients are not constrained in any way when it comes to lifting or other activities. Regular exercise or sports participation can help improve their general health and well-being.
If your child has severe scoliosis, seek professional advice from SeekMed’s award-winning specialists or orthopaedic doctors concerning diagnosis and hospitalisation. Moreover, by conducting a simple search for the terms “best orthopaedic doctor near me” or “orthopaedic doctor near me,” you can learn more about severe scoliosis and receive treatment guidance from the best doctors.